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Taking cognizance of the demand and supply gaps of skilled workforce faced by the Mining Industry and in consonance with the Government of India’s target of skilling for about 500 million workers by 2022 by setting up of Sector Skill Councils, FIMI as a responsible industry association took initiatives for setting up the Sector Skill Council in Mining.

The Skills Council for Mining Sector (“SCMS”), promoted by Federation of Indian Mineral Industries (FIMI) and supported by Ministry of Mines has been established as per the guidelines framed by the National Skill Development Council (NSDC) SCMS was set up to develop skill competency standards and qualifications, benchmark it with national and international standards and to work with the mining industry in PPP mode.

Indian mining sector is largely fragmented, comprising several small scale operational mines, it is still dominated by the mining industries both public and private, which accounted about 75% of the total mining production in India. Although the industry has the large number of employees including contract manpower totaling to about 9.5 lakhs in different trades of mining, the woeful shortage of skilled personnel in various mining trades is widely felt.

The key factors affecting the human resources and skill requirement in the Indian Mining Industry are technology up-gradation, increase in productivity stringent environment and sustainable development framework, globalization and aging profile of workforce and long gestation period for skill acquisition. Given the estimated increase in the mining output as well as the expected changes in the productivity levels, the total employment in the mining industry is estimated to increase to 11 lakhs by the year 2017 and 12 lakhs by the year 2025.

About 83% of the mining leases are unorganized which covers about 16% of total mining area in the country. This can be seen in the table below.

Area Wise Distribution of Mining Leases:

(Frequency in Hectare, All India)






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